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that without also talking about the bargaining. the defendants are involved in the defense attorneys are involved in the plea bargaining process but not in a way that gives them very much say so, and i will explain why. i talked before about the charging function. well, very closely connected to that is plea-bargain in. we have a system in the justice where i think most americans think that there's all these trials going on in the criminal courtrooms around the country. they watch law and order and they see these trials going on. there are more going on on the tv shows probably than in real life. we don't have a lot of trials going on but we do have a lot of guilty pleas of not 95% of all criminal cases are resolved by way of a guilty plea, not a trial and the way that works is the prosecutor will bring the charges and as i mentioned before they have a lot of discussion deciding what to charge. by example the prosecutor could charge a felony that if they want to they could charge a misdemeanor. there's also a phenomenon called overcharging where they pylon charges because it's very e
. the national defense budget request. we welcome the commander of u.s. command in europe. general charles jacoby junior, commander of north american aerospace and norad and general john kelly, u.s. southern command. we also welcome james stavridis. we thank you for your leadership and please pass along our gratitude to the men and women who serve in your commands for their dedication and sacrifices, as well as for the sacrifices of their families whose support is so essential to the success of our military and our nation. since last year's eucom posture, it was likely her last appearance and i am glad that i included the word likely. so now we can thank you. thank you again for your four years as the supreme allied commander, which makes you one of the longest serving commanders in u.s. history. you have been a steady hand during some very turbulent times and we wish you the best in retirement for military service. the witnesses before us represent the united states commitment to defend the homeland to help our neighbors and to come to the collective defense of our close allies in europe. the ab
saw a handful of republicans on chat shows saying, oh, we'll get the vapors and faint if any defense spending increases are not carried out. what he missed was they were recycling the same four or five republican politicians, and in point of fact that's not where the, certainly not where the country is, it's not where the modern republican party is, it's not where the republicans in the house and the senate are. there's some guys on spending committees who'd like to spend money, that's understandable. but at the end of the day, we should probably figure out how to give the pentagon more flexibility, but they need to save the same amount of dollars promised in the sequester as the rest of the government does. and so the president misjudged believing that republicans would panic during the negotiations on fiscal cliff. he kept waiting for the republicans to put the sequester on the table in order to give it away. and that never happened. the republicans, let's delay the sequester two months, and president obama thought the republicans were retreating. oh, good, i'm going to get my tax
national defense. we care about these things so much because fundamentally, we are the people who truly care about people. we love people in this country. and we want everyone to succeed in this country. [applause] because, you see, not everyone to have the best possible life that they can have. whites, blacks, hispanics, young immigrants, old immigrants, male, female, you name it. everyone. we want everyone to succeed, because we need everyone to succeed in this country. that's our community. because when you get lifted up in our community, then we get lifted up, too. that's how it works about, and that's why we care about you. and that's why we want to make sure that gasoline costs $2 a gallon rather than $4 a gallon. and we can make that a reality. if we try. and that's why we care, that your sister and your mother has her second amendment rights so she has the ability to protect yourself against a harmful assailant. it's because we care about her. we are a growing movement of people who care about all americans. now, this is a story out of work together, and it's painful for r me to
. robert mcnamara, secretary of defense 30 years later spoke of his regret that we have been able to listen. he said it was a failure of the imagination to realize a french are the best informed westerners on vietnam and we didn't take them seriously because we send to didn't have an interest. as the book recounts, i would to the french archives to look at what was going on in the french foreign ministry. they have no culture in their insignificant. but they said as they analyze intelligence from vietnam 17,000 french citizens they are. exiles in paris and they try to share with us. we couldn't here because it is confusing concept we have. >> host: professor friedman a month of been times in there's another anti-nation type feelings? anti-british empire come anti-roman empire? >> guest: indeed. does the right question to ask because it should be to the use of the term we have in the court age of the british empire. perdition officials talk about anglo phobia to explain why they encountered resistance in the middle east or south asia. their explanation was when people rise up or criticize us
levin. he'll be speaking at the council on foreign relations on u.s. defense policy issues. life coverage begins at 12:30 eastern again here on c-span2. and the u.s. house and senate return today to consider continuing funding for the federal government past march 27th when current funding expires. they're also expected to work on their respective budget plans for fiscal year 204. the house back at 2 p.m. for legislative business. floor debate likely while members wait for the senate to ask. also the senate in at 3 p.m. --2 p.m. eastern. and then hoping to move on to the 2014 budget resolution, and they hope to get it approved before by the end of the week before the easter recess. life coverage of the house, as usual, on c-span and, of course, the senate right here on c-span2. ..2 last week endorsed a review of military roles to allow seniors to manage overturns sexual assault victims. testified before the senate armed services subcommittee on personnel. >> i am incredibly grateful that many of you came this morning and listened to the first two panels. that means a great deal,
was passionate too in his professional and his personal pursuit in defense of each of them. and because he was he made a truly magnificent contribution to public affairs here in the united states under the leader system america. that is why i'm very pleased brian to be in your company and with that mariana. i might say in your professional career you have epitomized the characteristics of your dad in so many ways in speaking out and in standing up for the underprivileged and for those who have isolated for the cause of freedom and liberty and justice. you have proven to be an equally great friend of our country and a wonderful advocate for our country's cause here in the united states. as a proud irishman and proud european and taoiseach, which in the gaelic phrase is g4 leader though we refer to it as plain tee shots. they still young republic of a democracy and all that implies drives everything that i have to do. given the leadership level comes seldom in the lifetime of people when it comes it has to be grasped with both hands in and their interest in the country's interests. because i unders
the effects of our carbon dioxide emissions on our atmosphere and oceans. our defense and intelligence communities warn of the threats posed by climate change to national security and international stability. economists recognize the distortion of energy markets that overlook the true cost of carbon pollution, and government accountants now list climate change as a threat to our fiscal stability. now, today, as we enter the passover and easter season and as catholics the world over celebrate the selection of a new pope, we turn to voices of faith. they, too, call upon us. they call upon us to heed the moral imperatives of protecting creation and seeking justice for all people. they call upon us to reflect on our faith, on our relationship to our world and each other and on our responsibility to future generations. and they call upon us as president obama reminded us in his inaugural address to preserve our planet commanded to our care by god. i lay no claim to religious authority, but i must believe this -- something that harms others, something that disturbs god's creation, something
in the defense of the majority that that's the way it's been for several years, both when the republicans were in charge and when the democrats are in charge. thea's thacharge that doesn't mean it is right. you have to share it. so then we had to turn around and start voting on the amendments the next morning in the budget committee and we weren't part of that process, because it was on partisan lines. i was particularly disheartened by one amendment that failed on a party-line vote that was offered by senator portman from ohio. his amendment was simply asking the congressional budget office to provide additional information with the cost estimates that it provides on legislation affecting revenues. that's right. it was just asking for additional information. and every member of the majority voted against it. how could a request for additional information be so partisan? we can and must do better for our constituents and our country. several weeks from now we may see the president's budget proposal. of course it'll be late to the game since the house and senate have already acted on the budget
-making and with their issue. but they repeated the concerns and captivated the room with table rattling defense one of the land grant struggle of guadeloupe and the destruction of violence and armed self-defense. "whites bring their own crimes they're not afraid of violence. the liberty bell cracked in rebellion against the betrayal against the country. he concluded by asking about abernathy's standing in for dr. king that evening as he supported the treaty couching answers and usher that they were with him in spirit and the room exploded with applause. over the next several hours you can sense the attention they're not sure what to make of each other or if it will work but over the next several hours day bond over culture and music and food. and the growing realization that they are stronger together and more importantly taking their issues seriously. which a training center for civil-rights him a rat activists going back to the 1930's after the conference wrote dr. king "i believe we caught a glimpse of the future in the making of a coalition. >> sparking urban disorders in more than 100 cities a
are talking about a friend of mine asking how he's doing. compared what? the department of defense, we love them. they were stood up 65 years ago. they have not passed a clean financial audit. here we are an agency ten years complex knocking on the door. seat good sample so you can get it done for the brothers and sisters at dod. the secretary is committed to getting it done for them too. the when -- dhs was stood up ten years ago. there was no framework for accountability. there was also no guidance on which responsibilities with headquarter, which responsibility lay with the various component that make up the department, whatever that kind of environment, -- whatever the kind of environment exists in government a lot of wasteful spending and ine fresh sei. there was. the department made clear who was in charge of what. the new or disciplined environment will better enable the -- ensure that all of the operate more cohe'sive and effective agency. they used to have a dismal record when it came to contracts without competition. the departmental leadership has been aggressive in turning the r
down. but he's not counted. he's not in that department of defense number on wounded soldiers because the wall is not considered hostile enemy. and so there are thousands and thousands of these other soldiers, some of them very, very severely wounded, that were not so much -- that we're not so much hearing about, and i think that -- you know, they were in iraq just like everyone else, or they were in afghanistan, and they deserve our support ju need to believe that. so not the typical place for a psychologist. nothing about my people and involved typical places raise psychologists so what did i do in the midst of this? when i returned i ran away as many do after trauma. i left the navy, but clinical work altogether. i was hoping to find some peace. during that time rule number 2 was written by accident, it was written as therapy. a vietnam marine, retired colonel who has written several books about the marines in vietnam contacted me and said you need to write a book where every line in that poem is captured and i was very respectful since he is a colonel. i settled respect, absolutel
: calendar number 21, h.r. 933, an act making appropriations for the department of defense, the department of veterans affairs, and other departments and agencies for the fiscal year ending september 30, 2013, and for other purposes. the presiding officer: the majority leader. mr. reid: following leader remarks, the senate will resume consideration of the continuing appropriations legislation. the time until 11:15 today will be divided and controlled equally between the two leaders or their designees. then at 11:15, there will be three roll call votes in relation to the continuing resolution -- toomey amendment, which is a 60-vote threshold, adoption of the mikulski-shelby-mikulski substitute amendment and cloture vote on h.r. 933, the underlying bill. mr. president, for the last few years, our republican colleagues have been hollering and yelling and screaming that the senate hasn't passed a budget. they have done so in spite of the fact that republicans in both chambers voted for the budget control act which sets spending levels for the last two years. it was a law. every reasonable poli
-governance. while the initial development of the party and the national threat was there the strategy of self-defense, a lot of what became really the center of a party practice in 69 and onward was free brac is for children and community programs about taking care the community. here you had the war on poverty and yet you had children starving here in the united states. the black panther party said we are going to feed the children in our community. this was the breakfast program and they had liberation -- i want to say a word about the party. the party was attacked by the federal government not only is an organization that's really the history and the political possibility of the party was attacked. if you look at the documents of j. edgar hoover thinking about the threat of the party he makes it very clear that the challenge is to really make the party impossible to support. if you look at, just to give an example and an illustration there is a memo in san francisco who writes to hoover and says you know hoover is directing them to create a program to attack the breakfast program and san francisco
, education, health care and any other program this government wishes to undertake, including defense. mr. president, what kind of time limit might i inquire? is it 30 minutes on this side on this motion? the presiding officer: on the motion, there is one hour equally divided. would the senator like to call up his motion? mr. sessions: my first question would be how much time is left on my half of that hour? the presiding officer: the motion has not yet been called. mr. sessions: well, i would call up the motion, mr. president. the presiding officer: the clerk will report the motion. the clerk: the senator from alabama, mr. sessions, moves to recommit senate concurrent resolution 8 back to the committee on budget with instructions to report back no later than march 22, 2013, with such changes as may be necessary to achieve unified budget balance by fiscal year 2023. mr. sessions: so this motion would simply say this to our colleagues, and it will be a defining vote for our members, and members need to understand the meaning of this vote. the question will be do you favor a balanced budget
of party and the spread was really through the strategy of armed self-defense, a lot of what became really the center of the party's practice in '69 and onward was free breakfast for children and community programs that were really about taking care of the community. here you had the war on poverty, federal law proclaiming the war on poverty, and yet you have children starving here in the united states, the wealthiest, you know, country in the world. and so the black panther party took it upon themselves to say, you know, we're going to feed the children in our community. these are some of the breakfast programs. they had liberation schools. this is, the top picture is new haven free clothing program. i want to say a word about gender and the party. the party has been, was attacked by the federal government not only as an organization, but really the history, the history and the political possibility of the party was attacked. and if you look at the memos and documents of j. edgar hoover's thinking about the threat of the party, it makes it very clear that the challenges to really make the
.s./japan mutual relationship, both the mutual defense treaty and our bilateral general relationship would be central. but we also thought that asia deserved fully a broader treatment in its own right, so we really invested in the future. as we look ahead in terms of our asian studies center, we look also to other achievements in both the range of foreign and strategic issues as well as economic policy issues. in fact, today they are also interlinked that it is hard to distinguish one from the other. but today as we look ahead there is no one i can think of whom i would rather hear from and help us both to celebrate these anniversaries and to look ahead in terms of developments in the asia-pacific region. the chairman of the house foreign affairs committee, ed royce, is an old friend of the heritage foundation. he is also a real leader on foreign affairs. he has been actively involved in a very principled and substantial way with u.s. policy toward asia since he first came to congress 11 terms ago. representing california's 39th district, we are, indeed, very honored both to have the chair
thought was going to happen, because he saw a handful of republicans on shows saying if any of the defense spending increases are not carried out, when he missed was they were recycling the same four or five republican politicians and that is certainly not where the country is, not with the moderate republican party and not where the republicans in the house and the senate art. there are guys on the spending committee that would like to spend money and that's understandable but at the end of the day, we should probably figure out how to get the pentagon more flexibility that they need for the same amount of dollars promised the sequester as the rest of the government does and so the president misjudged, believing that republicans would panic during negotiations on the fiscal cliff. he kept waiting for the republicans to put the sequester on the table in order to give it away. that never happened. what the republicans did was -- and president obama thought the republicans were retreating. oh god i'm going to get my tax increase down the republicans are about to give up on the sequester. the
up tricare who taken together would be the sixth largest contractor in the defense department. this is because they have enjoyed enormous amount of growth with all of these additional beneficiaries coming to the system. since they haven't passed on any of the costs to those beneficiaries, who still pay less than $250 a year for health care. but the government has reimbursted all the increases in the actual price of diagnostic and the actual utilization of treatment and i did diamostic higher than the private sector systems. and this tricare problem will increase even further when the affordable care act pushes everyone in to buying a medical plan, because for all of those who are not insured now, particularly guards and reservists whom at least 30% according to a recent study don't have insurance. it will be cheaper to buy to the tricare system then even to pay the penalty for not having insurance. another key decision taken in 2004, in response to the recruiting shortfall was to adopt higher pay scale indexing in the pentagon. previous pay increases were linked to the employm
function for the federal government, not to mention national defense and homeland security, every other function of the federal government will have to be paid for with borrowed money because our revenues will only pay for these few programs, which is eating up all of our expenditures. i go back to their statement. "debt held by the public will outstrip the entire american economy. going through as much as 185% of g.d.p. by 2035. interest on the debt could rise to nearly $1 trillion by 2020." that's just six years away. "these mandatory payments," they said, "which buy absolutely no goods or services, will squeeze out funding for all other priorities." so not only will the uncontrollable growth of mandatory spending squeeze out funding for all other programs or priorities in our country, but it will also jeopardize the safety net that we have put in place for retirees who have worked hard and put money aside to become eligible when they retire for social security and medicare, and for those who find themselves in a situation where medicaid is a necessary safety net. we've always taken p
cliches, we have to interrogate those terms but i want to say in defense of philanthropies that i have written critically about the big monopolistic philanthropy that do away with small-scale philanthropy that allow competition and different approaches but on the hole if you look at george soros or bill gates and want to say in terms of the world or malaria or small children living longer and women getting on i would rather have a world of philanthropy than without although i could design a philanthropic world that maybe didn't have bill gates or george soros in it that was ideal but in terms of the real world of philanthropy i am glad to have those philanthropies and the other thing to be careful of is having too that bill gates and george soros, they're so monopolistic and tied to big money, the fact is a lot of lives have been saved around the world in the developing world because of the work that those philanthropies have done despite the connections with tainted money and their monopolistic operations that make it harder to have choices. let's have another round here. would you st
of american diplomacy; development, defense and -- what did i say, development, defense and diplomacy, of course. so i think that in a way will be part of her legacy, but it's very much a work in progress. and we have to see whether building on that continues. with the new secretary of state, with the second term of president obama. but i definitely think from what i've seen as a journalist that it is a valid approach that deserves to be looked at seriously. and i think that that is her overriding willing si. she was very much -- legacy. she was very much about the big picture. she realized that she came in at a time when there was a lot of talk about american decline, when america was facing a financial crisis, and the world was facing a financial crisis. and she was very struck by the perception that people had of the united states, of this country that she loves, she believes in american leadership, and people are asking her who are you? many what do you stand for? are you till a superpower? you know, everything seems to be going into meltdown in washington. so she reasserted that,
detailed talks with the russian foreign and defense ministers in the last week. i would just make one of the point about the issue of the arms embargo, because i felt sitting about the european council chamber there was a slight similarity between some of the arguments that were being made about not putting more weapons into syria that seem to be very familiar to the discussions we had about bosnia and the appalling events that followed. and in my view it is better to be engaged working with the syrian opposition trying to bring this conflict to an end. >> anne marie morris. >> thank you, mr. speaker. the numbers on the coastal railway lines are growing fast. given local tourism, can the prime minister assure me urgent investment letter and to repair recent flood damage? >> i can get my auto a friend that assurance and in no the transport sector will be visiting her constituency. investment is going into the hole of the line, including the major investment shortly to be completed which will help capacity all down the line. >> mr. speaker, the prime minister will be aware of the growin
engines at the driveway. it had been inspected to make it defensible. meanwhile, the next action is that the fire is moving like this. a lot of animal life around. this is not a good situation. it can cause panic and have it suddenly have horses running through. horses panicked with fire. there is some discussion about what to do about them. and richard saw that the corral they were in is essentially a safety zone for the horses. if you take a look behind us, you see all kinds of junk. and that stuff can blow up and explode, they came down late in the game. this is from the bottom from the north side looking up they felt fine. but this isn't nascar. and once they start heading for the double wide, they began to get worried. some of them were excited, kids in the back of the cab, they say no, we have a fire. and all of the stuff that they say. and the captain and some of the others -- the people who have had a little bit more experience, they are thinking that this is going to get serious. and it did. the first house that they got to was the woman who was away at the time. the hou
environment. that led to the situation where we have today where we actually get warnings from the defense department, called conjunction summary messages. we actually get warnings in advance, if dod thinks that there might be a collision between two space objections. it took us a long time to connect the basic information that we needed to gather to have the none to the point where we felt comfortable warning people that they might want to take specific action. in this case, moving a satellite. so i think the same situation will apply with solar of the as we get more sophisticated on the impacts then we'll be able to translate those into specific actions but today, that knowledge just doesn't exist. >> senator cruz. >> going back to the discussion about potential meteor impacts i would assume for an impact the most likely place for an impact would be in water given the percentage of the earth that is covered by water. what is the relative severity of an impact on land versus an impact on water and the consequences that would flow from one versus the other? >> depends on the size of the as
were never designed to be transcripts -- we have just defense of nixon discussing how to fight pack, how to -- how to fight back, how to go after them. let's, you know, defend with a good offense. that's all we have. so the tape itself has provided no new clues. holdman's notes are rather limited, and the national archives did a spectral analysis to see if they could see whether there had been another page that had been ripped out and thrown away, and they were looking for indentations. yeah, you're smiling. look, people actually try to figure out if there are conspiracies, really. [laughter] and nothing. >> i was going to say, you don't think there was anything deeply sinister beyond what we already know sinister. >> well, i'll tell you my, i mean, i've said -- i'll tell you what struck me as really interesting about that tape was how it had been handled. it was my job at the national archives, at the library i wrote the new water bathe gallery at the library, and i looked into this. i had an interest in tapes. i had run a project analyzing tapes, anyway, presidential tapes. and it
it done quickly for self-defense. people were being stopped or threatened and those individuals buying a gun talk about a real threat to their safety. one of the things i tried to make clear is that we talk about laws, we have to talk about boats across the benefit. everybody wants to keep a criminal from getting a gun. we have to compare how many criminals were stopped. doesn't look like. many. how many law-abiding citizens who should be able to get a gun because they haven't made similar to somebody we want to stop or wrongly prevented from buying a gun. even if it's a small percentage, that's a lot of people who are being harmed by not being able to get it. the problem is this isn't the only problem. there's a number about five to seven times larger that people merely delayed, not of this initial denial category. they are delayed three days. the problem is even delayed three days for a small number of people, it also can affect their safety of a woman needs dr. threat. she may not have the luxury of waiting for five days to get a gun. my research shows define a small but statistical
. the republican budget cuts non-defense discretionary spending to levels lower than at any time since o.m.b. started keeping track a half a century ago. the republican budget would set annual domestic spending at rates lower than 1962, when there were no pell grants at all, when 30% of american seniors lived in poverty. but that's not extreme. a democratic budget that is 50-50 spending cuts and revenues, that's a left-wing manifesto. the democratic budget has $975 billion in new spending cuts. it has $975 billion in new revenue in order to close that budget gap 50-50. that means including the deficit reduction that we've already done -- this, of $1.8 trillion -- we will be in total at $4.3 trillion in deficit reduction, which is probably just a little bit over the target that most of the experts have given us to hit. and about $2.8 trillion of that, of the $4.3 trillion will come in spending cuts. $600 billion has come in new tax revenue, and $975 billion will come from loopholes for a total of $1.6 trillion coming from new revenues. some left-wing manifesto. $1 trillion more in spendin
a response to the way possible to manage the nation's defense. he is the antithesis. when a budget certainty, time and flexibility. sequestration compromises readiness and compounds risk. left unaddressed, it could lead to a security gap, lapse in coverage against the dresser and national security interest. it's also the law i'm hopeful but not all that optimistic that magnitude a mechanism will be defused in some future budget deal. in the meantime we have no choice which is of course our worst-case scenario. so are you feeling afflicted? if you are coming you're in good company. the coverage to continue my insurance metaphor may be a little less than what you're used to, but still the best available and it will get better in time. here's very hope that confidence brings comfort. last week i called our joint chiefs and combatant commanders to discuss how we will lead through the latest contraction. it is a bit of a historical pattern. in that room over 600 years of military experience around the table. frankly i thought we looked pretty good. he may have noticed if you watched us testify up
unmanned systems. previously worked in the office of deputy assistant secretary of defense for nuclear matters and the civil, environmental and engineering on rhode island and i should also note will be taking turns. senator roberts will be the first to go. we'll keep this going so this can continue. go ahead, mr. toscano. >> good morning, mr. leahy, ranking member grassy. i want to thank you for london to testify today. my organization, the association and aerial vehicles or so were world's largest to advance and that unmanned systems and robotic communities. we have been a 6300 members in the united states. industries at the forefront of the technology will not only benefit society but also the u.s. economy. earlier this month my organization released a study which found the unmanned aircraft is poised to create 70,000 new jobs in $13.6 billion of economic impact within the first three years of following integration of unmanned aircraft in the air space. however the industry understand this technology is new to most americans and their opinions formed by what they see in the news. to
committees, whether defense or help or others. so when we talk often about the values embedded in a budget resolution, that's in part because a budget resolution is just the beginning of a regular order, healthy budget process. it then has to be complimented -- complemented with authorizations bills and with appropriations bills. but if you compare the budget resolution that's already been adopted in the house and that was rejected in a vote here on the floor last night with the budget resolution that's come out of the senate budget committee, i think you see a few simple, stark differences. both budget resolutions raise a significant amount of revenue through tax reform by closing so-called tax loopholes or cutting spending through the tax code. this is spending that isn't reviewed every year. this is spending that often has been stuck into the tax code through the efforts of the wealthy, well connected, powerful interests in our country that don't get reviewed every year, and it is time for us to look seriously at our tax code to make it leaner, easier to understand, easier to enforce, m
britain to its knees even after the danger of sea borne invasion faded following the raf's heroic defense in the battle of britain during the summer of 1940. britain crucially depended on imports not only for oil, steel, war material, but just to stay alive. the country was a net importer of food, and by the start of 1941, the u-boats had already sunk enough shipping to reduce imports below the 31 million tons a year it needed to just maintain essential food supplies for the civilian population. the crunch of the whole war, churchill to roosevelt at the end of 1940, rests in the atlantic. the decision for 1941, he wrote, lies upon the seas. and churchill after the war in his memoirs would write: the battle of the atlantic was the dominating factor all through the war. never for one moment could we forget that everything happening elsewhere on land, sea or in the air depending ultimately on its outcome. so in the spring of 1940, excuse me, thank you. so in the spring of 1941 in the face of mounting losses at sea, churchill issued a somewhat grin dill went, i guess you could say, churchilli
in the kingdom, a defense ministry, national guard, and the huge interior operation that watches people and guards the oil facilities. so a lot of saudis fear that some out each of these is run by a prince, three cousins, but they will perhaps fight with each other, which has happened in the past among the royal family. it's what brought down the second saudi state in the late 1880s. so if you're just a normal saudi talk about what is my plan b. and most people don't know what their plan b is. so there's a lot of nervousness, a lot of frustration. and because this is a country that has no experience whatsoever with self-governance, or even individual responsibility or civil society, they don't, most of them, a few talk about democracy, but most of them simply want what they describe as justice, and what they say they mean by that is a government that is more transparent, more accountable, more rule of law. where there are clear rules and they are enforced equally, not enforced, or not enforced as is often the case, but enforced based on who you are. i think this brings me to the what co
you wen education, weaker in defense, by laying people off in jobs, it makes you weaker because your unemployment rate is higher. it is like looking in the mirror and wishing your weaker. we have to be stronger. can we make cuts? sure we can and we have and we'll make more. but we ought to be focused on being stronger, about growing the economy and growing jobs. and that's why the approach that the senate takes is the right approach. because by utilizing revenues appropriately, reforming tax expenditures to reduce they will on the equivalent of% o 7% or 8a year, thee myriad of tax expenditures in the tax code were able to find cuts. the senate budget in achieving additional deficit reduction is a balanced approach that will make us stronger, not weaker, and that's why it is my great hope that we will pass this in a significant way. i thank the chairman. i thank you, madam president. mrs. murray: madam president? the presiding officer: the senator from washington. mrs. murray: i want to thank the senators virginia and hawaii for excellent statements and really laying out the framework
a defense. this went on for months. nixon thought this was much harder than the whole fund crisis and nixon was writing notes to himself, how he would announce his going to voluntarily get off the ticket. just agonizing, i'll do it for the good of the country, terribly -- not knowing what lay before him. so you can find all these sort of notes in these meetings and the way he presented himself. he gave a talk to the cia wants, or discussing the top of a vice president. he clearly you could see the way he saw himself as from his own self as a man who was -- he was ever. he was in the legislative branch and is in the executive branch. so in a way his job was -- is very interesting. keep looking but it's in the. there's a lot of files but how many billions of papers? >> they said 42 million pages but didn't count spent i didn't get through all of them. >> we have time for one last question. happy hour is about to stop in the lobby. you can ask our guests more questions you may have. they will both be the. also our favorite bookstore, skylight books is here thumbing copies of jeffrey frank's "i
was somewhat handicapped by secretary -- defense secretary donald rumsfeld's review and theories about transforming the u.s. military into a smaller, more mobile force that depends on multipliers of forces. you get the sense in reading your book that you felt that the management theory, the ideology of transformation if you will really did handicapped what you were able to do to carry out of law and order responsibilities you felt were necessary. do i read that right? >> let me state my own words if i can to the i remember his patriotism and i think he's a really energetic and patriotic man. i do completely support his idea of the transformation of the u.s. military. i served in europe in number of times in the diplomatic service and if you look at the military in say the year 2000, it was still largely structured to meet the ten division nestled by the army across the north german planes, not a likely ease and given the collapse of the soviet union so i was very sympathetic that rumsfeld had a transforming to make it lighter, more mobile, quicker, communication intensive and so forth
the judge is right or wrong or whether the judge has a defensible philosophy of judging. the originalist approach was really founded by john marshall. it's what is the basis of marbury the madison i suppose this is marshall said at the reason my judges have power to override the views of the legislature for the president is the constitution is a law like any other but there's a hierarchy. conflict of law principle. federal level to stay up, constitutional level the federal. treaties of the federal law. in the hierarchy created by the constitution. so when there is a firm with a plot to be found in the constitution, judges have the authority to articulate it. when there's not a rule of law to be found in the constitution, political branches are supposed to have the final say. one of the great clashes in modern jurisprudence is between the people who really believe in the rationale of marbury v. madison that the constitution wins when it is low and the people who think that we've got judicial review, we can make things up as we go along. which is fundamentally wrong. when we the living mak
and it was tough actually very difficult. i remember feeling very defensive even walking down the street they would say you are the devil incarnate doing terrible things i was used to being inspired and that was not a problem that i was a hate figure and those who knew nothing about me telling me how terrible i was. they saw was very affected by these letters to go back and read them in horror. so we both now regret he read that correspondence because it is a part-time but nobody wants to talk about sexual relations or the still all the legislators, said the fear of doing so. we persisted in change from criminal law with the whole family planning bill that was printed but not adopted but gradually the irish government did take responsibility nine years later with the measure and now that is of course, the controversial at all. meanwhile i was enjoying teaching law and a loved the interaction and i was practicing law and because of the opportunity to discuss tonight is state's constitutional law i quickly decided that was the area i wanted to focus on to take the test cases there issues of equality
environment. that led to the situation where we have today where we actually get warnings from defense department called conjunction summary messages. we actually get warnings in advance if dod thinks that there might be a collision between two space objects. it took us a long time to connect the basic information that we needed to gather to have the knowledge to the point where we felt comfortable warning people that they might want to take specific action. in this case, moving to satellite. so i think the same situation will apply with solar. as we get more sophisticated on impacts, then we will be able to translate those into specific actions. but today that knowledge just doesn't exist. >> senator graves. >> -- senator cruz. >> going back to this discussion about potential meteor impacts, i would assume for an impact that the most likely place for impact would be in water, given the percentage of the earth that is covered by water. what is the relative severity of an impact on land versus an impact on water and the consequences that would flow from one versus the other? >> depends
by carefully and responsibly reducing defense spending while giving the pentagon enough time to plan and align those savings. now, we all know that this involves some tough decisions, but it is a responsible path that is nothing like the across-the-board cuts from sequestration, which would be devastating to defense programs and jobs if they weren't replaced. mr. president, this budget takes a balanced approach to deficit reduction, and it matches the responsible cuts with $975 billion in new revenue which is raised by closing loopholes and cutting wasteful spending in the tax code for those who need it the least while locking in tax cuts for the middle-class and low-income working families, families and protecting them from paying a penny more. now, mr. president, this shouldn't be controversial. there is bipartisan support for making the tax code more fair and more efficient. we just think that instead of that savings going towards more tax cuts for the rich, that savings ought to be used to reduce the deficit and invest in our middle class. if this budget were to be enacted, the total defic
that the financial crisis was not caused by -- was caused by the private sector. even if there were voices in defense of capitalism, their views were seldom given attention in the media. i had a particularly remarkable experience with this problem while a member of the financial crisis inquiry commission. the commission scheduled several public hearings which were televised on c-span. the media were almost always present as observers or were watching the proceeds, proceedings on television. in several of the hearings, i asked witnesses whether they were aware that there were 25 million and other low -- subprime and other low quality mortgages in the financial system in 2008 before the financial crisis. that was the number i had at the time. since then ed pinto's work has shown that there were, in fact, 28 million low quality lobe -- loans in 2008. all the witnesses were asked this and all of them said they had never heard of such a thing. the fact that 28 million subprime mortgages were in the financial system in 2008 -- again, almost half of all mortgages -- was undoubtedly news. i might have been w
secretary of defense 30 years later spoke of his regret we could not listen to charles de gaulle it was a failure of imagination to realize the french were the best informed and we did not taken seriously because we assume they had it in for us. i went to the records of the event to look at what the advisers were telling him favor not saying those americans who have no culture but they said they analyzed the intelligence they were getting, a 70,000 french citizens commissar a vietnamese exiles they had good information they tried to share with us that we could not hear it because of the confusing concept. >> host: are there times in history where the entire nation in type feeling of roman empire? >> that is the right question to ask. in the era of the golden age british officials would talk about anglophobia to explain why they encountered resistance. and the explanation was when people rise up for criticize the problem is they don't like our literature or our values we have a phobia for the russian empire they don't understand and they don't like tolstoy. would redoing when we a
-established departments, defense, nasa, department of energy, all their acquisition management. they are still on the high-risk list, so that's a tough issue to resolve. and it's all about implementation and having the property discipline in place. >> and just to provide some context. gao has issued over 13 of products looking at every aspect of the justice programs and operations and made over 1800 recommendations. a key looking across all those protestant impact of the departments efforts, trace back to the management of the department. is to put this in context. we have identified this as a crosscutting issue and all the management areas are important, i agree that acquisitions along with i.t. are the two areas that have the most direct effect under the departments ability to secure the border, secure air travel. i.t. is very, very similar to acquisition. dhs is focus, the report on the initiatives that they are pursuing, and sure they're following their existing policy, not just in acquisition and i.t. but across all the management functions. dhs has good policy in place. the key is really execution,
's under consideration today significantly underfunds the defense department's operations and maintenance accounts. the army's subset of this category of funding is underfunded by $2 billion, and that's just the army alone. this has implications for safety and readiness of our troops. i'm not suggesting that my amendment solves that whole problem. it doesn't. but it makes a modest step in the right direction. just quickly, a summary of some of the things that the operations and maintenance account funds. it's a lot. it's maintenance of ships and tanks and aircrafts. it's avionics and engines and navigation systems. it's artillery. it's all kinds of things that our servicemen and women use to fight and to win and to protect themselves. it gets funded through the operations and maintenance account. and it's not only maintenance of this important equipment. it's also training. training like unit training when an army battalion, for instance, trains in an exercise against an opposition force that's modeled after a real-world potential enemy. that kind of training is very important. it gets fu
assistance to egypt and increase funding for an east coast missile defense shield. two weeks ago the secretary of state announced that he had freed up an additional $250 million in unconditional economic support funds for the government of egypt. this was in the midst of the sequester at the same time the american people were told there were insufficient funds to pay for police officers and firefighters and teachers and even white house tours. all of us are concerned about the situation in egypt, a nation that among other things has repeatedly turned a blind eye to the abuse of women and to the persecution of christians. last week the european union threatened to hold its $5 billion euro pledge of economic aid to egypt absent meaningful reforms. we should do at least as well as the e.u. this amendment would reduce in an unspecified amount the foreign aid to egypt and allow that money to be put to vital national security ends here at home, namely missile defense. i ask that the amendment be adopted. mrs. murray: mr. president? the presiding officer: the senator from washington. mr
medicare and saving social security, and saving the defense department, we will continue to waste $200 billion a year. and i don't know what it is. i don't know if it's -- i'm not an effective communicator, or people have other priorities, but our grandchildren are totally dependent upon us eliminating so much stupidity. and yet nobody, the appropriations committees don't want to, most of the authorizing committees don't want to, they won't do the hard work of eliminating the duplication. you know, i didn't show the housing. i showed the total amount we spend. do you realize we had paid an a housing administrator in oklahoma for two years in a town that had no homes? we cleaned it out because of lead contamination but a we kept paying the housing administrator for two years. till i found it. why are we paying this guy? there's no homes. i mean those little things multiplied by a billion times throughout government programs happen every day. and then we go tell americans we're going to raise your taxes because we won't do the hard work of oversight? we deny our oath when we do that. but
defense missile program that will never protect a single war fighter, the medium extended air defense system. in fact, it's been called the missile to nowhere and my amendment would transfer those funds to operation and maintenance so that they could be used for our war fighters, particularly as sequestration is pending for real purposes instead of a program we will never realize anything from that will protect our war fighters. so i reserve the right to object , madam president. a senator: madam president? mr. reid: the senator has not objected, is that right? ms. ayotte: i object. the presiding officer: objection is heard. mr. reid: madam president, i regret --. the presiding officer: the majority leader. mr. reid: it's over with. i regret the senator has objected to this reasonable request. it really is reasonable. i understand the senator from new hampshire, how strongly she feels about this issue and i'm aware of the issue. i understand it very well. i have talked to a number of senators, i can't get them to agree to this. they may be wrong, she may be right, she may be wrong, th
these last months talking about the dramatic cuts to defense and sequester, $550 billion. repeal of this would cost more. i would urge if you want to repeal the estate tax, pay for it. vote for the warner amendment 693. the presiding officer: who yields time in opposition? a senator: mr. president? the presiding officer: the senator from south dakota. mr. thune: mr. president, i appreciate the effort being made by the senator from virginia. he's moving in the right direction. we do need to get rid of this once and for all. and i'd be happy to accept his amendment by voice if he'd be willing to do that. but i do think it's important that we have a vote on eliminating the death tax. the death tax is a punitive tax. it hits farmers and ranchers squarely in the face at a time when they're trying to pass on their farm or ranch operation to the next generation of americans and, by the way, the amendment that i will offer does -- is a deficit-neutral reserve fund. it would be offset. it's simply the point that the senator from virginia made about it not being offset is not accurate. it
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